Laparoscopic surgery, also referred to as minimally invasive surgery or minimal access surgery describes the performance of surgical procedures with the assistance of a laparoscope, video camera, and several thin long cylindrical instruments. During the surgical procedure, CO2 gas is introduced into the abdominal cavity and small incisions of up to 5 to 10 mm are made. The laparoscopic instruments are placed through these small incisions in the abdomen to perform surgery.
The camera transmits an image of the organs inside the abdomen onto a medical grade monitor. The surgeon is not able to see directly into the patient without the traditional large incision. The telescope becomes a surgeon's eye in laparoscopy surgery since the surgeon uses the image from the video camera positioned inside the patient’s body to perform the procedure.
Laparoscopic surgery is now accepted all over the world as an important skill and it is no more luxury it is considered as a necessity.
All the good hospital of the world is now equipped with laparoscopic surgery, but it is important that the surgeon who is doing laparoscopy should be qualified.